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fungi, protozoa, and multicellular parasites-diseases/pathogens

Disease pathogen
cryptococcis Cryptococcus neoforms
candidiasis Candida albicans
dermatomycosis none
histoplasmosis Histoplasma capsulatum
blastomycosis Blastomyces dermatitidis
coccidiodomycosis Coccidiodes immitis
ameobiasis Entamoeba histolytica
giardiasis Giardia lamblia
trichomoniasis Trichomonas vaginalis
African Sleeping Sickness or Trypanosomiasis Trypanosoma brucei
South American Sleeping Sickness or American Trypanosomiasis Trypansoma cruzi
leishmaniasis Leishmania sp.
toxoplasmosis Toxoplamsa gondii
malaria Plasmodium sp.
cryptosporidium Cryptosporidium sp.
pneumocytosis Pneumocystis carinii
schistosomiasis Schistosoma sp.
Chinese liver fluke disease Clonorchis sinensis
Human liver fluke disease Paragonimus wetsermani
pork tapeworm disease Taenia solium
beef tapeworm disease Taenia saginata
fish tapeworm Diphyllobothrium latum
pinworm disease enterobius vermicularis
roundworm disease Ascaris lumbricoides
trichinellosis Trichinella spiralis
hookworm disease Ancylostoma duoenale

Biology Questions

Question Answer
Name the stages of complete metamorphosis egg — larva– pupa — adult
Define gastropod has a single shell or no shell at all
Name the 3 groups of Mollusks 1) gastropods 2) bivalves 3) cephalopods
Name the stages in gradula metamorphosis egg — nymph (tiny adult) — larger nymph — adult
Name 4 groups of Arthropods 1) millipedes & centipedes 2) arachnids 3) crustaceans 4) insects
Define metamorphosis a process in which an animals body undergoes dramatic changes in form during its life cycle
Define millipede has 2 body sections with 2 pair legs per segment — scavenger
Which body section are the wings attached to? thorax
What are the 3 parts of and insect head, thorax, abdomen

Characteristics and Necessities of Life

Question Answer
What is a stimulus? A change causes a response.
What is homeostasis? maintenance of a stable internal environment
What is asexual reproduction? one parent produces offspring
What is sexual reproduction? requires 2 parents to produce offspring
What does DNA do? determines the genetic traits of an organism
What does heredity mean? characterisitcs passed from one to another generation
What is metabolism? the sum of all cellular processes in an organism
Living things grow and _______ . develop
Food provides organisms with what? energy and raw materials
What is a cell? basic unit of structure and function in an organism
What type organisms are called producers? organisms that make their own food
What type organisms are called consumers? Organisms that must eat other organisms to get food.
What are the basic necessities of life? food, water, air, and a place to live
Your body is made mostly of ________. water
Living things use oxygen in what chemical process? The process that releases energy form food.
All living things share 6 common __________. characteristics
Chemicals, lights, sounds, and tastes are example of _________. stimuli
What type of reproduction do most animals use? sexual
Children resemble their parents because of ________. heredity
Some consumers get their food from dead organisms. What are these organisms called? decomposers

8th gr. science

Question Answer
Radiation Heat transfer by radiation takes place with no direct contact between a heat source and an onbject; a transfer of energy through space
Conduction heat transfer within a material or between materials that are touching
Convection currents the movement of a fluid caused by differences in temperature, which transfer heat from one part of the fluid to another
convection a heat transfer by the movement of currents within a fluid
density the amount of mass in a given space; mass per unit volume

Survival needs

Survival Need Role
Food Provides chemicals that serve as a source of energy and raw materials to maintain cells of the body.
Water Provides the environment in which the chemical reactions of life occur.
Oxygen Required to convert organic nutrients into energy, which powers life processes.
Body Temperature Must be maintained close to 98.6 degrees F to allow the chemical reactions of human metabolism to occur.
Atmospheric Pressure Required for breathing to occur.

Regions of the head, neck and trunk

Region Location
Cephalic The head;composed of cranial and facial regions.
Cervical The neck.
Cranial The part of the head containing the brain.
Facial The face.
Abdominal Teh region between the lowest ribs and the pelvis (hip bones).
Abdominopelvic Composed of abdominal and pelvic regions.
Inguinal The groin; depressed regions at the junction of the thighs to the anterior truck.
Pectoral The chest.
Pelvic The region enclosed by the pelvic bones.
Sternal The region over the the breastbone and between the two pectoral regions.
Dorsum The posterior surface of the thorax.
Gluteal The buttocks.
Lumbar The lower back region between the lowest ribs and the pelvis.
Sacral The region over the sacrum and between the buttocks.
Vertebral The region over the vertebral column or backbone.
Axillary The armits.
Coxal The hips.
Genital The external reproductive organs.
Perineal The small region between the anus and external reproductive organs.

Mrs. Kamienski

Term Definition
Frontal forehead
otic ear
orbital eye
nasal nose
mental chin
buccal cheek
cervical neck
occipital back of head
pedal foot
crural leg
patellar knee
vertebral spinal collumn
sternal sternum region
pectoral l and r upper chest
coxal hip
dorsal back
cubital elbow
brachial upper arm
antecubital inside of elbow
antebrachial forearm
digital fingers
pelvic pelvis
sacral between hips
lumbar lower back
gluteal buttocks
femoral thigh
popliteal back of knee
plantar sole of feet
palmar palm
umbilicus naval
carpal wrist

Can or Can’t

Can Can’t
dig swim
walk play in the snow
lift climb a tree
eat play a game
bite add
fly go to a football game

Mrs. Kamienski A&P epithelial cells

term definition
Histology study of tissues
Tissues a group of cells that perform the same function
4 major types of tissues epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
basement membrane the underside of epithelial tissue which connects to connective tissue
Simple Squamous function diffusion of gases, filtration
Simple Squamous locations lungs, aveoli, capillaries
Simple Squamous description single layer of irregular, thin, flattened cells
Simple Cuboidal function secretion and absorption of glandular products
Simple Cuboidal locations ovaries, ducts of salivary, thyroid glands, kidneys
Simple Cuboidal description single layer of cube like cells with a centrally located nucleus
Simple Culumnar function absorption of nutrients, secretes digestive fluids
simple Culumnar locations linings of digestive system, reproductive system
simple culumnar description long column like cells whose nuclei are found around basement membrane, have goblet cells mixed in between and microvilli
Microvilli function to increase surface area for absorption
Goblet cell flask liked shaped glandular cells which secrete protective mucus on tissue to trap dirt/ debris
psuedostratified culumnar desription appears to be layered but isn't, has cilia which extend from the free surface and move constantly, goblet cells mixed in
psuedostratified culumnar function move mucus, sex cells along
psuedostratified culumnar location respiratory tract, tubes of reproductive system
stratified squamous description stacked squamous cells, layer on layer, oldest cells pushed outward
stratified squamous function forms outerlayer of skin, protection
stratified squamous location skin, mouth, vagina, anus, throat
transitional description when contacted looks like many layers of cells, when stretched looks like a thin layer of cells
transitional function specialized to withstand tension of movement and barrier to prevent waste from diffusion
transitional locations lining of bladder, urinary system
glandular epithelium cells specialized to secrete and produce substances
gland one or more cells usually culumnar or cuboidal that secrete substances
Endocrine glands secrete into tissue fluid or blood, 3 types: merocrine, apocrine, holocrine
holocrine releases entire cells like sebaceous glands
apocrine loose small portions of cells, mammary glands
merocrine secrete fluis without loss of cytoplasm, pancreas, salivary

The body

# 1!!! # 2!!!
What is the function of marrow? It contains fat comentive +produces blood vessels.
What is the function of spongy bone? It is found at end of bone + has many spaces filled with blood and red marrow.
What is the function of compact bone? hard tence bone tissue that protects the marrow.
What is the function of outer covering? contains nerves and vessels. Place of attachmentand mucle.
What does bone tissue have? It has bone cells, blood vessels and minirals.
What does a bone cell do with its extentions? It reaches and grabs calsium
what part of your body would be ball in socket? Hip & sholder
What part of your body would be hinge? knee , elbow & finger
What part of your body would be pivot? neck bottom of cranium and beggining od verterbrae
What part of your body would be fixed? cranium
What part of your body would be gliding? wrist and ankle
How do x rays work? They work by electromagnetic waves passing threw your body and exposes the film