psych test 2

word definition
mental set a way of thinking about a problem
functional fixedness thinking of an object only in the way it is supposed to be used or thought of
aha experience solutions become apparent all of a sudden with no shaping
algorithm procedure guarenteed to find a solution IF one exists
heuristic procedure likely to find a solution if it exists
means ends analysis look at the difference between where you are and where you wanna be and make a move to reduce that difference
sub-goals break the problem down into steps and acoomplish each step one at a time to eventually solve the whole problem
analogies find a relation between the current problem and a problem you already know how to solve
graphemic task does the word have a certain letter in it? very shallow processing
phonemic task does the word rhyme with another? medium level processing
semantic task does the word have a certain function? deep processing
modal model of memory short term and long term memory
long term memory where all of our memories are stored
short term memory where cognitive work takes place, where there's info that you're aware of
maintenence rehearsal keep repeating info so you don't forget it
episodic memory memory for individual episodes of your experience
semantic memory memory of general world info
retrieval cue set of info used to probe memory
encoding specificity principle if the match between the retrieval cue and the memory you are trying to retrieve is close, you are more likely to remember it
construction when you integrate your experience with the information you are learning
reconstruction when you retrieve info as a memory, you take the bits of info and conbine them with your experiene
decay when information fades away
interference where your memory is written over by something else
retrieval failure when you use the wrong retrieval cue
social psychology studies how interacting with other people affects our own behavior
attitude locate objects of thought on dimensions of judgement
cognitive aspect of attitude the evaluation you make about something
affective aspect of attitude the emotions aroused by the object
behavioral aspect of attitude your predispostion to act in response to an object
persuasion any attempt to change people's attitudes
latitude of acceptance range in which people will accept an argument and possibly change their views on it
central route of persuasion careful consideration of the logic and sat_flash_1 of a persuasive message
peripheral route of persuasion persuasion based on non-messaed factors
dissonance occurs when you hold two beliefs or desires that are inconsistent
effort justification occurs when something that you value turned out to be not so good so you will convince yourself that it was worth it to eliminate dissonance
approach-approach conflict occurs when you have to choose between two attractive alternatives
consistency in behavior is behavior the same in all circumstances?
distinctiveness in behavior is the behavior distinct to the target or to other things as well?
consensus of behavior do other people behave the same way?
fundamental attribution error bias in tendancy to make certain attributions
conformity the extent to which people will go along with what theyre told; the extent to which they'll yield to real or imagined social pressure
obedience the extent to which people will act upon what they're told
group unanimity if one person breaks the conformity, then the subject does not conform
psychological tests a standardized measure of behavior
reliability occurs if administering the same test over and over again produces similiar results
validity occurs in a test if the test measures what is is supposed to
sat_flash_1 validity of a test does the test cover the specific domain it's supposed to cover?
criterion validity of a test how reliable is the test in predictin preformance in the domain for which is was designed?
construct validity of a test does the test measure a hypothetical construct?
recall the intentional bringing to mind of explicit information, the trasnfer of info from LTM to STM
recognition the matching on an encoded input to a stored respresentation, which allows you to know that it is familiar and that it occured in a particular context, such as on a list