Stack #85062

Vocabulary definition Theory Theory Implication research research implications
group two or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense that their needs ad goals cause them to influence each other (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
social roles shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
group cohesiveness qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking between members (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
social facilitaion tendency for people to do better on simple tasks and worse on comlex tasks whenthy are in the presence of others and their individual performance can be evaluated (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
social loafing the tendency for people to do worse on simple tasks but better on complex tasks when they are inthe presence of others and their individual performane cannot be evaluated (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
deindividuation the loosing of normal contraints on behavior when people can't be identified such as when they are ina crowd, leading to an increase in impulsive and deviant acts (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
process loss any aspect of group interaction that inhibits good problem solving (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
transactive memory the combined memory of two people that is more efficient than the memory of either individual (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
groupthink a kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important than considering the facts in a realistic manner (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
group polarization the tendency for group to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclinations of its members (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
Great Person Theory the idea that certain key personality traits make a person a good leader, regardless of the situation (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
Transactional leaders leaders who set clear, short-term goals and reward people who meet them (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
Transformational leaders leaders who inspire followers to focus on common, long-term goals (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
Contingency Theory of Leadership The idea that leadership effectiveness depends both on how task-oriented or relationship-oriented the leader is and on the amount of control and influence the leader has over the group (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
Task-oriented leader leader who is concerned more with getting the job done than with workers' feelings and relationships (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
relationship-oriented leaders leaders who are concerned primarily with worker's feelings and relationshis (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
social dilemma a conflict in which the most beneficial action for an individual will if chosen by most people, have harmful effects on everyone. (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
Tit-for-Tat Strategy a means of encouraging cooperation by at first acting cooperatively but then always responding the way your opponent did on the previous trial (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
public goods Delemma a social delemma in which individuals must contribute to a common pool in order to maintain the public good (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
common dilemma social dilemma inwhich everyone takes from a common pool of goods that will replenish itself if used in moderation but will disappear if overused (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
negotiation form of communication between opposing sides in which offers and counteroffers are made an a solution occurs only when both parties agree (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
integrative solution a solution to a conflict whereby the parties make trade-offs on issues according to their different interests; each side concedes the most on issues that are important to it but important on the other side (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)