ecology stack. for ms. runyon. by surina

Question Answer
biosphere part of earth that supports life, including the top portion of earths crust, the atmoshpere, and all water on earths surface.
carrying capacity the largest number of individuals of a particular species that an ecosytem can support over time.
commensalism a symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the other is not affected.
community all the populations of different species that live in an ecosystem.
consumer organism that cannot create energy-rich molecules but obtains its food by eating other organisms.
ecology the study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment.
ecosystem all the living organisms that live in an area and the nonliving features of their environment
habitat where an organism lives that provides types of food, shelter, moisture, and temperature needed for survival.
limiting factor anything that can restrict the size of a population, including living and non-living features of an ecosystem, such as predators or drought.
mutualism a symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit.
niche in an ecosystem, refers to the unique ways an organisms survives, obtains food and shelter, and avoids danger.
parasitism a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits while the other is harmed.
population the organisms that belong to the same species living in a community.
producer organism, such as a green plant, that gets its energy from an outside source such as the sun.
symbiosis any close relationship between two organisms
predator the organism that feeds on another organism for food.
prey an organism that is harmed in order to feed another organism.
competition a quarrel between two organisms usually because of food.
chemosynthesis process in which producers make energy rich nutrient molecules from chemicals
food web model that shows the complex feeding relationships among organisms in a community.
energy pyramid model that shows the amount of energy available at each feeding level in an ecosystem.
food chain the order in which an organism eats another.